What Are Tooth Restorations?

There are times when teeth need to be replaced or restored, and such ways to return teeth to their undamaged state are tooth restorations. In restoring teeth, the dentist can repair missing portions of the tooth’s structure or replace missing teeth.

Some of the causes of missing tooth structure are tooth fracture, tooth decay, or deterioration of a tooth restoration that was previously worked on. Some tooth restoration examples include:

1. Dentures are a detachable replacement for missing teeth, and their nearby tissues. Dentures are made out of acrylic resin, and they may also be made with metal attachments. Partial dentures are done when there are still some teeth left. Here, the partial dentures are held in place by metal clasps that are attached to existing teeth.

2. Dental implants are tooth root replacements. A tooth implant is a small metal post that is placed in the bone socket where there are no teeth. The implant is then covered with a crown, which is a replacement tooth. Click here to read more about dental implants.

3. Bridges are false teeth that are meant to connect the gap, which is a result of one or more missing teeth. Crowns anchor the bridges on either side, and the bridges are permanently cemented into place.

4. Crowns are caps that are made to resemble teeth. They are placed over a tooth to restore its size, shape, appearance, and strength. Crowns also cover a dental implant or hold a bridge in its place.

5. Fillings are perhaps the most implemented types of tooth restoration. Teeth can be filled with silver amalgam, gold, or tooth-colored materials made out of plastic, which are called composite resin fillings.

Tooth Preparation

What are tooth restorations and how is tooth preparation important in the restoration process?

Restoring a tooth to good function and form involves two steps. These are:

a. Preparing the tooth for the positioning of restorative materials and

b. Positioning of the restorative materials.

The preparation process normally entails using special dental burrs to cut the tooth. This is done to provide space for the restorative materials. Cutting the tooth is also aimed to remove decaying teeth or tooth portions that are structurally unsound.

If it is impossible to immediately carry out permanent restoration after preparing the teeth, the dentist may perform temporary restoration. Tooth preparations may be intracoronal or extracoronal.

In tooth preparation, various factors will be considered to determine the extent and type of the preparation. Tooth decay is considered the most important factor, wherein the state of decay will define the preparation’s extent. In turn, the subsequent restoration materials and restoration method are considered.

Another factor to consider is unsupported tooth structure. When preparing the tooth for restoration, enamel that is unsupported is taken away to allow for a restoration that is predictable. While enamel is the human bodys hardest substance, enamel is especially brittle. This means unsupported enamel is easily fractured.

What are tooth restorations, and how can they contribute to one’s confidence?

When done properly, tooth restorations can increase a person’s quality of life, making him/her more confident in his/her interactions with other people.

Categories: Dental

Home Remedies for Cellulite

celluliteHave you ever seen dimples on your skin and wondered where they came from? That is what you call cellulite, a condition of your body wherein fatty tissue pushes through the spaces in the connective tissues underneath your skin. It isn’t a weight problem, so not only stout people are in danger of this but even slender ones, too. However, as early as now it is best that you know that cellulite is not caused by toxins. A misconception with this condition is that toxins are the main reason for getting cellulite. This is not true because cellulite is caused by mainly two things: one, excess fatty tissue, and two, loose connective tissue in your skin.

Getting surgical treatments for cellulite can be quite expensive. Yes, they give excellent results, but that doesn’t mean home remedies are any less effective. Here are some methods you can try in the comfort of your homes.

  1. Coffee scrub

Coffee scrub is the most famous scrub to lessen cellulite. When you massage this over the parts that have dimples, the blood flow improves as well as the caffeine in coffee helps in tightening the skin. To make this, add a fourth of a cup of coffee grounds to 3 tablespoons of both sugar and coconut oil. Mix them well to mimic a paste and store in a glass jar. You can apply this 2-3 times a week.

  1. Dry brushing coupled and coconut oil

Dry brushing is probably the simplest home remedy to reduce cellulite. For one, you only need a dry bristled brush to scrub along cellulite areas. Scrub it in a circular motion so blood circulation improves. Beware of scrubbing too hard as it is not meant to remove dead skin cells (even if it helps in this too). After that, you can apply virgin coconut oil so that it maintains the moisture of your skin. You can also choose to just drink 2 tablespoons of coconut oil because it has enzymes that aid in breaking down fatty tissues.

  1. Apple cider wrap

Apple cider vinegar is an excellent way to flush out toxins and increase metabolism. You can drink it or use it as a wrap. For drinking, put tablespoons of apple cider in a glass of water. Mix it up and drink away. For making a wrap, mix the vinegar with water in the same amount. Rub this over the part where there is cellulite and wrap it with plastic. Keep this on for an hour.

  1. Green tea

There is one thing that green tea is famous for and that is boosting your metabolism. Anyone who wants to lose weight always adds green tea in their diet. But it is more than just helping you slim down. Since it increases the rate at which your body breaks down fats, it helps decrease the fats that remain in your body. When these fatty tissues are lessened, there will be fewer chances of having cellulite. However, drinking green tea alone is not enough. If you want to increase your metabolism to remove cellulite, you should also try exercising.


Categories: Medical Conditions

Osteoarthritis Treatment And Osteoarthritis Pain Relief

Knee osteoarthritis, osteoarthritis hip and osteoarthritis of the spine result in degeneration of these joints, causing pain and discomfort.

The treatment plan for osteoarthritis is a multi-disciplinary approach, comprised of medication, exercise, topical applications, massage, and dietary prescriptions.

What is Osteoarthritis?

Osteoarthritis is known as the degenerative joint disease. It is a form of arthritis (i.e. inflammation of the joint) and is caused by the degeneration of the joint cartilage. Cartilage plays a vital role in joint function. It provides protection to the ends of the bones by acting as a shock absorber. Without the cushioning cartilage, the two bones rub against each other, leading to pain, swelling, limitation of movement and deformity.

Causes of Osteoarthritis (OA)

The causes of OA are primary and secondary. Primary OA occurs due to aging. With age, the ability to restore and synthesize normal cartilage decreases, consequently resulting in arthritis.

Secondary OA is associated with certain predisposing factors, such as, inherited abnormalities in the joint structure or function, trauma, surgery, previous inflammatory disease of the joint and abnormal cartilage.
Osteoarthritis Symptoms

The onset of osteoarthritis is often subtle. The following are the presenting features of the joint disease:

Morning stiffness is usually the first symptom
Pain occurs; the pain is aggravated by prolonged motion and better by rest
Bone swelling and soft tissue swelling
Local tenderness
Cracking sounds on movement
Reduced movement

Osteoarthritis Relief

The most important aspect of OA management is achieving the ideal body weight. Over weight means increasing the stress on the weight bearing joints, namely, the knees, hips and spine.

Osteoarthritis Diet

Nutritionists say that the diet should be rich in fruits and vegetables, because their natural plant compounds protect against cellular damage, including damage to joints.

Foods that are particularly beneficial for OA are:

Ginger: Ginger is packed with gingerols, which are powerful anti-inflammatory agents. Experts recommend consuming fresh ginger root rather that powdered ginger. Grate about half an inch of the herb and let it simmer in boiling water. Consume about 100 ml daily. Ginger soothes inflammatory processes and swelling effectively, thus alleviating pain, discomfort and improving the range of motion appreciably.

Berries: Berries such as strawberries, gooseberries, blueberries and blackberries are loaded with flavanoids. Flavanoids are potent anti-oxidants that prevent damage to the joint and the cartilage. Consuming 100 grams of berries per day is advocated.

Cruciferous vegetables: Cabbage, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cauliflower and kale belong to this family. These vegetables are rich in sulphur; and sulphur containing foods help manage OA efficiently.

Exercises for Osteoarthritis

Exercise and physiotherapy is definitely recommended for osteoarthritis patients. Exercise prevents stiffness of the joint, improves the mobility and diminishes pain considerably and id a good pain management for arthritis aid.

The importance of physical therapy appears to be decidedly significant, especially, when administered daily.
Osteoarthritis Treatment with Aromatherapy Essential Oils

Massaging the affected joint with suitable aromatherapy oils has been known to be extremely beneficial for OA patients. Experts say Clove oil shows remarkable results in easing the symptoms of osteoarthritis.

Small amounts of clove oil blended in to massage oils helps relieve stiffness, muscle pain and arthritic joint pain.

Blend 10 drops of clove oil in 15 ml of a carrier oil (coconut oil / almond oil / sesame oil) and massage the joint gently. Everyday massage yields swift results.

Categories: General

Learn about Knee Therapy

Your knee has a cushion between the shinbone and thighbone known as a meniscus. The meniscus is prone to wear and tear and when it is torn it can be the source tremendous pain. At times the knee can lick and at times nothing happens but in case it does there will be need for therapeutic treatment.

In a youngish person, when a knee-wrenching activity like skiing, ultimate Frisbee, or slipping on the ice tears a meniscus, the damage is often repaired surgically. But a torn meniscus is often seen in the 9 million Americans with knee osteoarthritis, and for them the best course of action hasn’t been crystal clear. Results of the Meniscal Tear in Osteoarthritis Research (MeTeOR) trial published yesterday in the New England Journal of Medicine indicate that physical therapy may be just as good as surgery.

Meniscus tear2
When the shock-absorbing cartilage in the knee is torn by injury or worn ragged by use, the result is called a meniscal tear. Stiffness and a vague sensation that the knee is not moving properly often result.
Surgeons at Harvard-affiliated Brigham and Women’s Hospital and six other large hospitals recruited 351 men and women with symptom-causing knee osteoarthritis and a meniscal tear. Half completed a six-week physical therapy program aimed at easing inflammation, strengthening muscles supporting the knee, and improving the knee’s range of motion. The other half underwent a procedure called arthroscopic partial meniscectomy, in which unstable pieces of the meniscus are removed and the remaining edges are smoothed, followed by the same physical therapy program.

Participants in both groups reported similar improvements in knee function and pain at six and 12 months. About one-third of those who received only physical therapy “crossed over” during the course of the trial and had surgery.

Sourced from: http://www.health.harvard.edu/blog/physical-therapy-works-as-well-as-surgery-for-some-with-torn-knee-cartilage-201303206002

Even though you might be in pain there are situations where your pain is bearable. You can actually engage in some exercises that will help you heal your knee. One of these exercises is strengthening the butt and the other is stretching the muscles that support your knees.

  1. STRENGTHEN YOUR BUTTWe know from research that knee injuries, including common Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) tears, can occur when large hip muscles are weak. ACL tears, which are eight times more likely in women athletes, have been shown to lead to other cartilage tears and are correlated with knee arthritis later in life.

    As a society, our butt muscles are weak. When the main butt muscle (gluteus maximus) is weak, it causes the pelvis to drop and the upper thigh bone (femur) to fall inward. This imbalance creates painful downward stress on the hip, knee, and ankle every time you take a step.

    Hip extensions are helpful exercises to strengthen the glutes. Learn why and how to properly do hip extensions in both standing and prone position in this clip from the Strong Knees DVD.


    When butt muscles atrophy or become imbalanced because we sit so much of the day, the hamstrings and hip adductors (inner thigh muscles) also overwork — to compensate for the underdeveloped gluteus maximus — resulting in compressive force on the knee joint. By stretching out these support muscles, you decrease the chance that they’ll get tight and cause muscle imbalances. So remember the complementary two-fold process: as you strengthen naturally weak muscles like the glutes, also stretch supporting muscles like the inner thigh muscles.

    Sourced from:http://www.gaiam.com/discover/175/article/best-ways-ease-knee-pain-5-tips-physical-therapist/

At times knee injuries get serious and they cannot go away no matter the amount of therapy. In such a case the only last resort is surgery. This is the resort when medication is no longer effective in alleviating the pain. Your doctor of course has to examine and also allow the orthopedic surgeon to do the same to determine if you need surgery and when.

Knee replacement may be an option when nonsurgical interventions such as medication, physical therapy, and the use of a cane or other walking aid no longer help alleviate the pain. Other possible signs include aching in the joint, followed by periods of relative relief; pain after extensive use; loss of mobility; joint stiffness after periods of inactivity or rest; and/or pain that seems to increase in humid weather.

Your primary-care doctor may refer you to an orthopedic surgeon who will help you determine when/if it’s time for knee surgery and which type of knee surgery is most appropriate. Your surgeon may decide that knee replacement surgery is not appropriate if you have an infection, do not have enough bone, or the bone is not strong enough to support an artificial knee.

Signs that it might be time for a knee replacement:

Your pain persists or recurs over time
Your knee aches during and after exercise
You’re no longer as mobile as you’d like to be
Medication and using a cane aren’t delivering enough relief
Your knee stiffens up from sitting in a car or a movie theater
You feel pain in rainy weather
The pain prevents you from sleeping
You feel a decrease in knee motion or the degree to which you’re able to bend your knee
Your knees are stiff or swollen
You have difficulty walking or climbing stairs
You have difficulty getting in and out of chairs and bathtubs
You experience morning stiffness that typically lasts less than 30 minutes (as opposed to stiffness lasting longer than 45 minutes, a sign of an inflammatory condition called rheumatoid arthritis)
You feel a “grating” of your joint
You’ve had a previous injury to the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) of your knee

Sourced from: http://www.zimmer.com/patients-caregivers/article/knee/who-needs-knee-surgery.html